Historical Perth

Historical Perth origins lay in the Roman fort Bertha built in approximately AD83. This was established as a supply base in the upper reaches of the River Tay, at the confluence with the River Almond.

The city of Perth has been associated with the many Kings of Scotland, in so much as to have established the Government and Court of Scotland. A document from monks at the time of David I, circa 1125, mentions Perth as a burgh with a simple castle, situated where the Museum now stands. David I was a brother of Henry I of England. Timeline

James I was murdered at Blackfriars in 1437. This was his favourite residence. When assassins burst into his bedroom he attempted to escape through a tunnel. Unfortunately he forgot that he had ordered the far end blocked by a grill.

The Reformation (rise of Protestantism) began in Perth in the early 1500's. Due the socio-political landscape of Scotland, as with most of Western Europe, it was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church, led by the Pope. However, a split in the church had developed and begun to spread across the continent. It was the beginning of the Reformation in Scotland, when many were martyred, notabily, St Johns Toun Martyrs from Perth. Others were Patrick Hamilton born at Stanehouse in Lanarkshire and George Wishart, born and brought up near Montrose. In 1559 John Knox gave his famous sermon in St John's Kirk in Perth. There has been a church on this site in the centre of the city for at least a 1000 years. The present building dates from the 15thC but was restored in the 1920s.

The city was occupied by Montrose in 1644 and by Jacobites in 1689, 1715 and 1745.

Access to the sea played a large part in the continuing growth of the town. Many trades and businesses prospered, the names of the streets named after them still remain today.

Mill Lade, a canal built to power the main mills within the town, runs from the river Almond four miles North West of Perth before dividing in two upon reaching the city. Its Southern branch now runs under Methven Street and Canal Street whilst the Northern branch under Murray Street, Mill Street and George Inn Lane, combining in defence of the town by providing a continuous moat connecting with the Tay around the city walls. This plentiful water supply was also the mainstay of the wool and tanning industries so important to early Perth. A part of the Mill Lade can be seen where it runs under the foyer of the City Mills Hotel.

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